Chanakya Who was Born in 4th Century B.C was an Ancient Indian Teacher, Philosopher, Economist, Jurist and Royal Advisor. He Was Very keen and Identified as Kautilya/ Vishnugupta for his Knowledge in Political Science and Economics in India.His Many Works were lost after the fall of Gupta Empire and Rediscovered in early Twentieth Century. Chanakya was the main Person and advisor of First Maurya emperor Chandragupta and he assisted him for the rise of Maurya Emperor. Chanakya Served as a Main and Chief advisor to Chandragupta Maurya and Bindusara. He is Widely credited for the Establishment and Success of Maurya Emperor. He is Widely Admired by everyone because of his Knowledge and Vision.
Identification with Kauṭilya or Vishnugupta
The ancient Arthashastra has been traditionally attributed to Chanakya by a number of scholars. The Arthashastra identifies its author by the name Kauṭilya, except for only one verse that refers to him by the name Vishnugupta. Kauṭilya is presumably the name of the author’s gotra (clan).
One of the earliest Sanskrit literature to identify Chanakya with Vishnugupta explicitly was the Panchatantra in the 3rd century BCE.
C. Ojha puts forward the view that the traditional identification of Vishnugupta with Kauṭilya was caused by a confusion of the text’s editor and its originator. He suggests that Vishnugupta was a redactor of the original work of Kauṭilya. Thomas Burrow goes even further and suggests that Chanakya and Kauṭilya may have been two different people.
Chanakya was the tutor of Chandragupta Maurya. He served in the court as well as advisory of Chandragupta and his son Bindusara. According to George Modelski, Chanakya is believed to be the same as Kautilya, a Brahmin who served as Chief Minister to Chandragupta as he founded the Maurya Empire.
He has Written 2 Books-
- Chanakya Niti ( also known as Chanakya Neeti- Shastra)
Arthashastra is all about financial, Political, Welfare, International Relation and War Strategy in Detailed Analysis. Arthashastra Describes How a King should Rule. Whereas Chanakya Niti is a collection of aphorisms, said to be selected by Chanakya from the various shastras.
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